|The Seven Chakras
and Its Nature
||Crown Chakra Sahasrar
||Head, Right Eye
||Brow Chakra Ajna
||Nose & Ears, Left Eye, Brain,
||Telepathy, Intuition, Third Eye,
||Throat Chakra Visudha
||Throat Vocal Cord, Upper Lungs,
||Communication, Sound, Self Expression,
||Heart Chakra Nahata
||Arms, Vagus Nerve, Blood Liver,
||Life Force, Compassion, Love, Consciousness
||Solar Plexus Chakra Manipura
||Spleen, Large Intestine, Gallbladder,
||Action, Wisdom, Power, Emotion
||Sacral Chakra Swadhistan
||Legs, Bladder, Kidneys
||Peace, Sexuality, Action, Anger
||Root Chakra Muladhar
||Body Energy, Security, Kundalini
|Yoga is not an exercise
Yoga is much more than just a workout
routine. In fact, it has been practiced in India for
more than 5,000 years, making it one of the oldest exercise
systems in existence. As exercise systems go, Yoga is
one of the most complex practice. A Physical strengthen
body is not the ultimate objective of yoga - heightened
mental physical and emotional wellbeing are, based on
the belief that a healthy person is a harmoniously integrated
unit of body, mind and spirit. This integration is achieved
by controlling the breath and holding the body in steady
poses, there by preparing the practitioner for the rigors
|Origin of Yoga
|Back in the 4th century BC, the physician
turned sage, Patanjali, had given short sentences or sutras,
explaining the working of the mind and the ways to tame
and train it. Since the human form has remained basically
unchanged since then, the sutras hold as good today as
they did back then, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, considered
to be the Bible of Yoga, do not contain the description
of a single asana or posture. Rather, they are a guide
for living a better life through yoga. Patanjali's teachings
are divided in the eight steps of yoga.
|Eight steps of yoga
|The eight steps work together: The Ist three
steps are concerned with the body and the IInd two with
the brain and build the foundation for spiritual life.
The last three, are concerned with reconditioning the
mind, and help attain enlightenment. There are 4 aspects
of being fit, and yoga helps enhance all of them:
| • Restraints or Yamas, Sometimes
called the “dont's” or the “thou shalt
nots”. There are five yamas, i.e., refraining from
violence, lying, stealing, casual sex, and greed.
• Observances or Niyamas, Sometimes called
the “do's” or the “thou shalts”.
There are five niyamas: i.e., purity, contentment, austerity,
self-study, and remembrance of the Divine.
Postures or Asanas, mistakenly regarded by the West as
an exercise routine, but actually used by yogis to prepare
the body for meditation.
|• Deep breathing or Pranayamas, Rhythmic
patterns of slow used to control the life force (prana
energy) that flows through all of us. Pranayamas remove
distractions from the mind making it easier to concentrate
and meditate. The basic movements of pranayama are inhalation,
retention of breath, and exhalation.
Withdrawal of the senses or Pratyahara Occurs during meditation,
breathing exercises, or the practice of yoga postures
- any time when the focus is directed inward.
• Stilling the mind or Dharana By focusing on one
point or image and gently pushing away superfluous thoughts.
• Uninterrupted meditation or Dhyana With the
objective of heightened awareness and oneness with the
• Super consciousness or Samadhi,
A state of absolute bliss, in which the practitioner and
the universe are one.
|Impact of Yoga on
|• Cardio-vascular capacity yoga increases
this through deep breathing and the continuous flow of
postures which make the heart rate go up.
Muscle Strength yoga develops this through holding the
body in postures for increasing periods of time.
• Flexibility yoga enhances this safely through
the gentle stretching action of all the postures.
• Balance yoga improves this between the left
and right, front and back and upper and lower parts of
|Yoga and Religion
|Yoga does not derive from Hinduism as is
commonly believed. In fact, Yoga pre-dates Hinduism by
several centuries. It does not meet the traditional definitions
of a religion (though it has a deeply spiritual tradition),
and the practice of it will not interfere in any way with
the practitioner's religious traditions. It is not necessary
to be a vegetarian in order to do yoga.
|Yoga and Sex
|Perhaps the most misunderstood yoga style,
Tantra Yoga is not about sexual indulgence. Rather, Yoga
is about discovering and stimulating sensual spirituality,
by using chanting, asanas, visualization and pranayamas
to awaken the kundalini energy in the body. Tantra Yoga
and Hatha Yoga have common roots, but while Hatha Yoga
adopted an ascetic, almost existentialist, stance, Tantra
Yoga chose a more sensual practical approach.
|Yoga and You
|Yoga is suitable for adults of any age or
physical condition, and almost everyone who does it will
find an increase in strength, flexibility, coordination,
body awareness, and concentration. Yoga is not recommended
for children under 16; pregnant women and nursing mothers
or who’s nervous and glandular systems is weak and
are still growing. However, easy breathing exercises are
relaxing and safe.
Yoga is performed barefoot. Any comfortable clothing,
like a pair of tights, track pants, or shorts, and a loose
T-shirt is recommended. Wait for at least an hour after
eating before doing yoga.
|Benefits of Yoga
|The Yoga and meditation ancient health &
fitness practice provides both physical & mental therapy.
Yoga considers ageing as largely an artificial condition,
caused mainly by autointoxication or self-poisoning. By
keeping our body parts clean and well lubricated, cell
deterioration can be greatly reduced.
To get the maximum benefits of yoga one has to follow
three main guidelines i.e. practice of asanas, pranayama
and yoga nidra. With the regular practice of asanas, we
reduce weight, normalise blood pressure and improve cardiac
performance and control our cholesterol level. Yoga postures
harmonize our mental energy flow by clearing any blockages
in the subtle body, leading to mental equilibrium &
|Transcendental meditation is
one of the easiest meditation techniques to learn. It
might be best described as a set of meditation techniques
introduced by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
TM is said to bring the practitioner to a deep state of
consciousness often characterized as "enlightenment"
or "bliss." It is practiced for fifteen to twenty
minutes twice daily while sitting with the eyes closed.
TM technique comprises the silent mental repetition of
a simple sound known as a mantra.
|The goal of this meditation, according to
practitioners, is called pure consciousness (Samadhi).
The TM organization emphasizes in its teaching that the
procedure for using the mantra is very important, and
can only be learned from a trained teacher of TM.
The mantra functions to focus your mind on a single idea,
representing the "oneness" of the universe.
During Transcendental Meditation, the body gains a deeper
state of relaxation than during ordinary rest. It is found
during TM EEG (electroencephalogram) changes indicate
a state of heightened awareness and coherence.
Regular practice of TM has been found to produce a state
of increased stability, adaptability, and integration
during all phases of activity. Also, TM has been found
to increase intelligence, creativity, and perceptual ability
and to reduce high blood pressure and illness rates by
more than 50 percent. It is one of the effective techniques
known for reducing intake of drug and alcohol which leads
to decreasing anxiety and increasing self-actualization.
Transcendental Meditation is by far the most thoroughly
researched in terms of its benefits for mental, physical,
and social health. TM is a simple, easy to learn verbal
practice. Anyone can learn it within a few days and can
begin to experience beneficial results.